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Leonardo da Vinci is a popular rose variety with a noble appearance. It takes a couple of weeks for the flowers to bloom. In the future, constant and proper care of the flower is needed, because the growth and general condition of the plant depends on it. To increase the chances of achieving the desired result, it is necessary to choose healthy seedlings and take into account the basic principles of care, because only in this case will the Leonardo da Vinci rose reveal its true beauty.
Description and characteristics of Leonardo da Vinci roses
Leonardo da Vinci is a floribunda variety. The main differences are:
- plant height is 70-110 centimeters;
- dark pink color of buds;
- goblet shape;
- thick double coating;
- one flower contains 75-80 petals;
- the diameter of each flower is 8-10 centimeters;
- leaves are distinguished by a glossy coating, dense structure, green color.
On one peduncle during the period of active flowering, 4-6 flowers bloom at the same time.
Advantages and disadvantages
The main benefits of roses:
- compact size;
- average height of the bushes;
- it takes up to 2 weeks for flowers to bloom;
- buds delight with a beautiful shade on an ongoing basis, regardless of weather conditions;
- care is easy;
- flowers are unpretentious to the conditions of care;
- resistance to major diseases and pests is noted;
- high frost resistance.
There are no major disadvantages. The shrub grows rapidly, so in the fall, Leonardo Da Vinci's roses are pruned to prevent thickening of the bushes.
It is advisable to plant roses in the warm season so that the rose seedlings develop correctly. It is important to find the right site and take care of improving the soil composition.
Dates and location for boarding
You can plant a Leonardo Da Vinci flower in an area with good sunlight. Protection against strong gusts of wind is a must. Melted water is unacceptable, otherwise the root system will rot. Planting is planned for the second half of spring. Sometimes planting works are carried out in September - October.
Selection and preparation of planting material
Use healthy, powerful seedlings.
- several strong and healthy shoots;
- bright green color;
- developed roots.
It is advisable to buy Leonardo Da Vinci rose seedlings in nurseries or specialized stores.
Planting a bush
Nutrient components are required for plant growth. The substrate is prepared specifically for planting events. For planting, you will need a hole, the depth of which should be up to 50 centimeters.
It is filled with a nutrient mixture:
- 2 parts of fertile soil;
- 1 part of sand, peat, humus;
- 300 grams of mineral fertilizers;
- 200 grams of woody hall.
Before planting a rose, the seedling is treated with potassium permanganate. With the help of a special stimulant, growth can be accelerated. Only those parts of the plant are used that have healthy and intact roots.
The seedling is placed in a hole on a small mound. The root system expands. The plant is covered with soil. The surface is rammed, then watered with water at room temperature. Peat and humus are used for mulching. In the future, proper care is required.
Leonardo Da Vinci Rose Care Tips
Regular and proper care is essential for a rose. It includes watering, fertilizing, pruning the bush to form proper growth, and protecting against diseases and pests.
Watering and feeding rules
Too dry, hard soil is detrimental to the plant. In the summer, the rose is watered every week. For one event, it is required to use up to 10 liters of warm water, which is pre-defended. In the fall, the plant can be watered to a lesser extent. The end of flowering serves as a signal to reduce moisture, because the bush is preparing for wintering and an excessive amount of moisture will harm.
In dry and warm autumn, it is sometimes required to water the plant so that the root system does not dry out.
It is forbidden to water the plant during the day. The ideal time to water is morning. Water is poured closer to the roots, the base. Do not pour water on flowers and leaves. Top dressing begins to be used from the second year. Initially, there are enough nutrients from the planting pit.
Top dressing is used several times in the warm season:
- early spring: fertilizer with nitrogen (twice);
- 3-4 times from the beginning of the appearance of buds and flowers;
- potassium sulfate (once in early autumn).
Correct watering, regular feeding successfully affects the plant.
Rose of Leonardo Da Vinci is disease resistant. In case of serious disturbances in plant growth, there is a risk of developing fungal diseases, therefore, at the beginning of spring, treatment is carried out using vitriol.
The risk of developing diseases increases in the following situations:
- active growth of weeds;
- increased soil moisture;
- lack of air in the root system.
For this reason, proper and regular plant maintenance is important. An infectious burn is possible if the rose is not properly covered during the cold season. The disease will manifest itself with improper ventilation and high humidity under the used shelter. Most shoots are not viable. If there are red spots on the shoots, it is advisable to carefully cut them out. Small damaged areas are cleaned, covered with garden pitch.
Lack of nutritional components threatens with chlorosis. Leaves turn yellow, dry. At the beginning of the disease, fertilizers are used in the form of special preparations (for example, Kemira-Universal-2).
Rose of Leonardo Da Vinci is resistant to pests, but sometimes bugs, spider mites, and aphids can be seen on the leaves and stems. The damaged leaves curl, turn yellow and dry, and then fall off. When a small cobweb appears, a spider mite can be identified. Insecticides are used to control parasites. Before using special preparations, rose bushes are washed. This treatment allows you to save the flower.
Pruning a bush
Moderate pruning of 5 eyes is desirable. The procedure prolongs flowering, activates the development of shoots. Weak shoots are cut in autumn, dry and damaged in spring. Be sure to leave a few basic shoots for the growth of the rosebush and flowering.
In the summer, they closely monitor the state of the bush during its flowering. It is recommended to remove wilted and damaged shoots.
Shelter roses for the winter
At the end of autumn, when the first frosts come, the shoots are shortened and the leaves are completely cut off. Then the base is sprinkled with dry soil, to which peat or humus is previously added.
Spruce branches are used for shelter. In this case, the air temperature should drop below minus 10 degrees. A frame with a non-woven coating is installed over the main part. In spring, the shelter cannot be removed immediately. Sometimes the covering material is reapplied to the plant.It is necessary to accustom the flower to the ambient temperature and the sun gradually, and the shelter is initially removed in the late afternoon.
The best breeding option is cuttings. Cuttings are harvested 2 weeks after the first buds appear. To do this, use a thick stem, which is divided into several parts (each cut should be about 10 centimeters long).
The bottom of the cuttings is treated with phytohormones in order to activate growth and promote the proper development of the plant.
The cuttings are planted in holes dug to a depth of 15 centimeters. The distance between them should be up to 20 centimeters. Be sure to ventilate, water the cuttings and loosen the soil for effective rooting. Cover the top of the planting with a strong film. In winter, cuttings are covered with spruce branches and other covering materials. Roses grow only in the 3rd year.
Use in landscape design
The rose is used in group and single plantings. It can be planted in front of a flower bed or used as a curb. The beauty of the rose of the Leonardo da Vinci variety will certainly be appreciated by flower growers.