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Apricot cultivation in central Russia

Apricot cultivation in central Russia


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Apricot in central Russia is grown more and more often. The heat-loving culture perfectly survives in conditions of insufficient light and relatively low temperatures when making the right choice of variety and conducting competent planting and care measures.

Landing requirements

The photophilous stone fruit culture needs to be planted in an elevated and well-lit area. To plant apricot in the conditions of home gardening follows the scheme 3 × 5 m. The best planting time is the end of April, before the stage of mass awakening of the kidneys. Landing pits should be prepared in the fall. The dimensions of a standard planting pit should be 70x70x70 cm, since the root system of this garden crop occupies an area that is 200% larger than the crown projection.

At the bottom of the planting pit, it is necessary to fill up the drainage layer of gravel, and then fertile garden soil with humus and mineral fertilizers. The planting pit should be filled to ground level, which will allow the planting of the fruit plant on a hill. After the distribution of the root system, it is sprinkled with a soil mixture to the level of the root neck. A significant deepening of this section of the fruit seedling provokes inhibition of the growth and development of the plant.

The best self-made varieties

To grow a productive fruit plant, it is recommended to plant modern and promising self-fertile varieties. The best varieties are distinguished by excellent taste and marketability and are well adapted to the soil and climatic conditions of central Russia.

Grade nameBotanical DescriptionFruit DescriptionVarietal Features
"Red-cheeked"Strong and tall tree with excellent winter hardinessOvoid or rounded flat in shape, golden-orange with a beautiful and bright blush, relatively largeSufficient resistance to various diseases
"Hardy"The plant is medium-sized, develops rapidly and has a dense, lush crownMedium in size, rounded flat in shape, golden orange with a bright carmine blushWinter-hardy tree and flower buds
HoneyA tall and very powerful tree with a well-developed crownRounded, yellow-orange, with a slight blush and slight pubescenceExcellent winter hardiness and very decent yields
"Eastern Sayan"Up to 3 m high, the diameter of the medium thickened crown is 3.5-4 mLarge, rounded, with a small seam and attractive red blushThe flowers are large, with an attractive pink tint. High frost resistance

Best undersized varieties

Low-growing and frost-resistant apricot varieties are deservedly popular in our country and are actively cultivated in the conditions of home gardening. Growing undersized varieties and caring for such fruit plantings is not difficult, due to unpretentiousness and a number of other positive characteristics.

Apricot: planting

Grade nameTree descriptionFruit characterizationGrade Features
"Snowflake"Plant height not more than 1.5 m, which makes care and harvesting convenient

Medium in size, with excellent marketability, transportability and excellent taste.Affected by leaf spot and moniliosis
"Amur"Slow growth and sufficient compactness make the plant suitable for cultivation in small garden plotsMedium in size, rounded elongated to the top of the form, with a pleasant and juicy fleshRelatively high drought tolerance and excellent winter hardiness
"Lel"A plant with a compact crown and moderate growth up to 2.5−3 mFruits of medium size, attractive shape, golden-orange color with a slight blushThe most popular variety in central Russia
"Favorite"Plant with a height of up to 3 m, with moderate growthThe fruits are very beautiful, yellow-orange with a large intense blushMid-season and very productive variety
"Cup"Dwarf plant, height not exceeding 1.5 m, with a cup-shaped crownFruits weighing 25-30 g, covered with creamy yellow skin with a blushExcellent winter hardiness, high yield, annual fruiting

Earliest grades

Growing early ripe varieties is carried out if necessary to obtain products for sale on the markets. It is the early varieties that are in demand among consumers, and the prices for such products are obviously quite high.

Grade nameTree descriptionFruit characterizationVarietal Features
"Alyosha"A tall tree up to four meters high, with a spreading crownA mass of 15−20 g, round, bright yellow with a blush, tasty, have a slight pubescenceUnusually early and friendly ripening
"East Siberian"Medium in size, with a thick and beautiful crownLarge and very large fruits of a rounded shape, yellow-green colorSelf-fertility is not high enough
"Voronezh early"A plant of normal development, with average winter hardinessSmall in size, with sweet pulp and easily detachable bonePartial autonomy
"Homestead"Medium-sized, long-lived, spreading crown plantGolden yellow or light orange fruits with carmine blushSelf-infertile crop variety
"Stepson"A tall plant with a wide, spreading crownRounded, laterally compressed, yellow-orange with a slight blushNeeds crop rationing

How to vaccinate

Young fruit trees, whose age does not exceed two years, it is recommended to plant the cuttings obtained from an adult garden plant. For this purpose, a replication is used, which involves trimming the trunk at a height of not more than 10 cm and subsequent combination with the handle.

Indicators of barrel thickness should not be less than a centimeter. Vaccination is carried out in the spring, from the first decade of April to the last decade of May. Adult fruiting plants should be inoculated by implanting the cuttings, which will combine different varieties and accelerate fruiting.

Growing Features

The implementation of timely and proper care of fruit stands is a guarantee of obtaining a high and high-quality annual apricot harvest:

  • the first five years, garden plantings need regular irrigation on radially arranged shallow furrows around the stem of plants;
  • about 25-30 l of water per season should be spent on each young plant, and about 90-100 l of water is used for watering adult trees;
  • when feeding, special emphasis should be placed on the use of superphosphate, about two times less saltpeter is required and four times less potassium salts;
  • at least three times per season should prevent the defeat of fruit plantations by diseases and pests.

Apricots in the Middle Strip

The proper care for apricot plantings in spring must include pruning and crown formation. In autumn, measures should be taken to prepare plants for winter, and if necessary, fruit stands should be protected from severe frosts.